Kenneth Bate has served as a member of our board of directors since January 2014 and as Co-Chairman since February 2016. Mr. Bate is currently an independent consultant. From May 2009 until January 2012, Mr. Bate was the President and Chief Executive Officer of Archemix, a privately held biotechnology company. From January 2007 to April 2009, Mr. Bate was President and Chief Executive Officer of NitroMed, a public pharmaceutical company. From March 2006 until January 2007, Mr. Bate was Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer of NitroMed. From January 2005 to March 2006, Mr. Bate was employed at JSB-Partners, a firm that he co-founded. From 2002 to January 2005, Mr. Bate was head of commercial operations and Chief Financial Officer at Millennium Pharmaceuticals. Mr. Bate has served as a member of the Board of Directors of Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a public biopharmaceutical company, since June 2003 and as its non-executive Chair since March 2011. Mr. Bate is a director of five other public biopharmaceutical companies, AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Epizyme Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Genocea Biosciences, Inc., Vanda Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and TransMedics, Inc. During the last five years, Mr. Bate also served as a director of NitroMed, BioMarin and Coley Pharmaceutical Group, a biopharmaceutical company, which was a public company during the period of Mr. Bate’s service. He holds a B.A. in Chemistry from Williams College and an M.B.A. from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. We believe Mr. Bate’s qualifications to serve on our board of directors include his operating, finance, commercial, transactional and senior management experience in the industry, as well as his experience serving on the boards of directors of other public companies in the life sciences industry.